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Custom Fields

Each model in NetBox is represented in the database as a discrete table, and each attribute of a model exists as a column within its table. For example, sites are stored in the dcim_site table, which has columns named name, facility, physical_address, and so on. As new attributes are added to objects throughout the development of NetBox, tables are expanded to include new rows.

However, some users might want to store additional object attributes that are somewhat esoteric in nature, and that would not make sense to include in the core NetBox database schema. For instance, suppose your organization needs to associate each device with a ticket number correlating it with an internal support system record. This is certainly a legitimate use for NetBox, but it's not a common enough need to warrant including a field for every NetBox installation. Instead, you can create a custom field to hold this data.

Within the database, custom fields are stored as JSON data directly alongside each object. This alleviates the need for complex queries when retrieving objects.

Creating Custom Fields

Custom fields may be created by navigating to Customization > Custom Fields. NetBox supports many types of custom field:

  • Text: Free-form text (intended for single-line use)
  • Long text: Free-form of any length; supports Markdown rendering
  • Integer: A whole number (positive or negative)
  • Decimal: A fixed-precision decimal number (4 decimal places)
  • Boolean: True or false
  • Date: A date in ISO 8601 format (YYYY-MM-DD)
  • Date & time: A date and time in ISO 8601 format (YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS)
  • URL: This will be presented as a link in the web UI
  • JSON: Arbitrary data stored in JSON format
  • Selection: A selection of one of several pre-defined custom choices
  • Multiple selection: A selection field which supports the assignment of multiple values
  • Object: A single NetBox object of the type defined by object_type
  • Multiple object: One or more NetBox objects of the type defined by object_type

Each custom field must have a name. This should be a simple database-friendly string (e.g. tps_report) and may contain only alphanumeric characters and underscores. You may also assign a corresponding human-friendly label (e.g. "TPS report"); the label will be displayed on web forms. A weight is also required: Higher-weight fields will be ordered lower within a form. (The default weight is 100.) If a description is provided, it will appear beneath the field in a form.

Marking a field as required will force the user to provide a value for the field when creating a new object or when saving an existing object. A default value for the field may also be provided. Use "true" or "false" for boolean fields, or the exact value of a choice for selection fields.

A custom field must be assigned to one or more object types, or models, in NetBox. Once created, custom fields will automatically appear as part of these models in the web UI and REST API. Note that not all models support custom fields.


The filter logic controls how values are matched when filtering objects by the custom field. Loose filtering (the default) matches on a partial value, whereas exact matching requires a complete match of the given string to a field's value. For example, exact filtering with the string "red" will only match the exact value "red", whereas loose filtering will match on the values "red", "red-orange", or "bored". Setting the filter logic to "disabled" disables filtering by the field entirely.


Related custom fields can be grouped together within the UI by assigning each the same group name. When at least one custom field for an object type has a group defined, it will appear under the group heading within the custom fields panel under the object view. All custom fields with the same group name will appear under that heading. (Note that the group names must match exactly, or each will appear as a separate heading.)

This parameter has no effect on the API representation of custom field data.

Visibility & Editing

When creating a custom field, users can control the conditions under which it may be displayed and edited within the NetBox user interface. The following choices are available for controlling the display of a custom field on an object:

  • Always (default): The custom field is included when viewing an object.
  • If Set: The custom field is included only if a value has been defined for the object.
  • Hidden: The custom field will never be displayed within the UI. This option is recommended for fields which are not intended for use by human users.

Additionally, the following options are available for controlling whether custom field values can be altered within the NetBox UI:

  • Yes (default): The custom field's value may be modified when editing an object.
  • No: The custom field is displayed for reference when editing an object, but its value may not be modified.
  • Hidden: The custom field is not displayed when editing an object.

Note that this setting has no impact on the REST or GraphQL APIs: Custom field data will always be available via either API.


NetBox supports limited custom validation for custom field values. Following are the types of validation enforced for each field type:

  • Text: Regular expression (optional)
  • Integer: Minimum and/or maximum value (optional)
  • Selection: Must exactly match one of the prescribed choices

Custom Selection Fields

Each custom selection field must designate a choice set containing at least two choices. These are specified as a comma-separated list.

If a default value is specified for a selection field, it must exactly match one of the provided choices. The value of a multiple selection field will always return a list, even if only one value is selected.

Custom Object Fields

An object or multi-object custom field can be used to refer to a particular NetBox object or objects as the "value" for a custom field. These custom fields must define an object_type, which determines the type of object to which custom field instances point.

Custom Fields in Templates

Several features within NetBox, such as export templates and webhooks, utilize Jinja2 templating. For convenience, objects which support custom field assignment expose custom field data through the cf property. This is a bit cleaner than accessing custom field data through the actual field (custom_field_data).

For example, a custom field named foo123 on the Site model is accessible on an instance as {{ }}.

Custom Fields and the REST API

When retrieving an object via the REST API, all of its custom data will be included within the custom_fields attribute. For example, below is the partial output of a site with two custom fields defined:

    "id": 123,
    "url": "http://localhost:8000/api/dcim/sites/123/",
    "name": "Raleigh 42",
    "custom_fields": {
        "deployed": "2018-06-19",
        "site_code": "US-NC-RAL42"

To set or change these values, simply include nested JSON data. For example:

    "name": "New Site",
    "slug": "new-site",
    "custom_fields": {
        "deployed": "2019-03-24"