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Local Authentication

Local user accounts and groups can be created in NetBox under the "Authentication" section in the "Admin" menu. This section is available only to users with the "staff" permission enabled.

At a minimum, each user account must have a username and password set. User accounts may also denote a first name, last name, and email address. Permissions may also be assigned to individual users and/or groups as needed.

Remote Authentication

NetBox may be configured to provide user authenticate via a remote backend in addition to local authentication. This is done by setting the REMOTE_AUTH_BACKEND configuration parameter to a suitable backend class. NetBox provides several options for remote authentication.

LDAP Authentication

REMOTE_AUTH_BACKEND = 'netbox.authentication.LDAPBackend'

NetBox includes an authentication backend which supports LDAP. See the LDAP installation docs for more detail about this backend.

HTTP Header Authentication

REMOTE_AUTH_BACKEND = 'netbox.authentication.RemoteUserBackend'

Another option for remote authentication in NetBox is to enable HTTP header-based user assignment. The front end HTTP server (e.g. nginx or Apache) performs client authentication as a process external to NetBox, and passes information about the authenticated user via HTTP headers. By default, the user is assigned via the REMOTE_USER header, but this can be customized via the REMOTE_AUTH_HEADER configuration parameter.

Optionally, user profile information can be supplied by REMOTE_USER_FIRST_NAME, REMOTE_USER_LAST_NAME and REMOTE_USER_EMAIL headers. These are saved to the user's profile during the authentication process. These headers can be customized like the REMOTE_USER header.


Some WSGI servers may drop headers which contain unsupported characters. For instance, gunicorn v22.0 and later silently drops HTTP headers containing underscores. This behavior can be disabled by changing gunicorn's header_map setting to dangerous.

Single Sign-On (SSO)


NetBox supports single sign-on authentication via the python-social-auth library. To enable SSO, specify the path to the desired authentication backend within the social_core Python package. Please see the complete list of supported authentication backends for the available options.

Most remote authentication backends require some additional configuration through settings prefixed with SOCIAL_AUTH_. These will be automatically imported from NetBox's file. Additionally, the authentication pipeline can be customized via the SOCIAL_AUTH_PIPELINE parameter. (NetBox's default pipeline is defined in netbox/ for your reference.)